Communition Simulation using Discrete Element method …

9) process. These examples illustrate comminution behavior in a mill with entry and exit pan lifter geometry 10) exit grate geometry and open grate area by location 11) ore recycling into mill and within pan cavity 12) ore flow efficiency on mill trommel 13) slurry recycling from the pan cavity 14) slurry axial velocity in mill and through grate

Optimization of a SAG Mill Energy System: Integrating …

An optimization is carried out to minimize the yearly cost of energy for the operation of the SAG mill. This cost includes the energy consumption cost in $/kWh and the capital cost for the PV-BESS infrastructure, prorated over the life of the battery system, accounting for the discount rate through an annuity factor (Pamparana et al. 2019a, b).The energy requirements are …

Operation Analysis of a SAG Mill under Different ...

As one of the machines widely used in mining, a semi-autogenous grinding (SAG) mill can significantly improve the roughing efficiency of rock. But the SAG mill still faces the obstacles of significant energy consumption and empirical operation parameters. In order to obtain the optimal operation parameters of a SAG mill, in this paper, the discrete element method (DEM) …

Optimizing your SAG mill operation - International Mining

Elimination of material transport problems using TPL will bring the following process benefits: • Ensure good grinding conditions with lower grinding energy per tonne. • Can be easily retro-fitted to existing mills. The optimal performance of AG/SAG mills is the key to successful plant operation.

SAG mills (semi-autogenous grinding mills) - Outotec

SAG mills are also an optimum solution for wet grinding since crushing and screening in these cases can be difficult, if not impossible. Efficiency through automatic operation Outotec's process engineers will assist you in creating an efficient software-driven process, from circuit design to start-up and optimization, to ensure you get ...

SAG Mill Optimization using Model Predictive Control

Mineral processing operations present many challenges for automatic process control due to variations in unmeasured ore properties, material transport delays, and nonlinear response characteristics. Control of -SemiAutogenous Grinding(SAG) mill weight is an example of an important process that exhibits many of these aspects.

SAG Mill Chute Seal - fl.com

Cleaning/flushing main bearing oil requires 24 to 48 hours of downtime. 400 tph x 0.1 oz = 40 oz (1,120 g) of lost gold production per hour. 40 oz x US$1,800 per oz (example) = US$72,000 of lost production per hour, or almost US$3.5 million lost over 48 hours. Key benefits. Improve productivity and safety with our advanced SAG mill chute seal.

Mill Circuit Pump Manual

ore throughout the remainder of the extraction process. SAG Mills constitute a recent innovation in terms of ore processing. SAG Mills can currently be up to 11.0 m in diameter by 4.6 m wide and are considered more ef-fi cient than Ball Mills. They can substantially reduce the crushing and milling process due to their large capacity and effi ...

Grinding Mills - an overview | ScienceDirect Topics

The ball mills are operated at a ball charge volume of 30–32% and 78.5% critical speed. The SAG mill trommel undersize is combined with the ball mills' discharge and pumped to two parallel packs (clusters) of twelve 660 mm diameter cyclones. The cyclone underflow from each line reports to a ball mill, while the cyclone overflow is directed ...

Grinding - Outotec

With over a century of experience, Outotec designs and manufactures the most comprehensive line of grinding mills and entire grinding systems for mining companies around the world. The comprehensive offering provides reliable and energy efficient technology and solutions across wet, dry, horizontal, and vertical grinding operations.

SAG Mill Testing - Test Procedures to Characterize Ore ...

operations. Each test has its own strengths and weaknesses and it is imperative to select the proper test procedure(s) to meet project deliverables and minimize the risk of a project. Pilot plant testing of large bulk samples historically constituted the traditional approach for AG or SAG design, but was gradually replaced by small-scale tests.

BrainWave SAG mill - ANDRITZ

Control stabilization for SAG mills. BrainWave is ideally suited to stabilize the operation of SAG mills. Effective grinding in a SAG mill depends largely on how it is loaded. A mill containing too much material does not allow for adequate movement of the ore and balls. A mill that does not contain enough material does not take advantage of the ...

Mill Operators' Conference 2018

The Phu Kham Operation has recently undergone a series of process improvements to treat the anticipated competent ores scheduled for 2017 and 2018. The operation's comminution circuit, which comprises a semi-autogenous (SAG) mill and two ball mills, each with 13 megawatts (MW) of installed power, was expected to

Gearless mill drives - ABB

• 28 MW GMD for a 40' SAG mill • 28 MW GMD for 42' SAG mill Whether it is size or an installation at the highest altitude (4600 m.a.s.l.), ABB's GMDs are well positioned to contribute to the building of larger and ever more powerful mills. — Leading the gearless mill drive evolution The ABB gearless mill drive (GMD) is the most powerful ...

SAG Mill Control: It Shouldnt be that Hard

SAG mill control fundamentally means managing the load in the mill by adjusting the feed rate of ore to the mill and/or manipulating the rotational speed of the mill. The best way to measure load is to mount the mill on load cells. The …

YANACOCHA GOLD SINGLE STAGE SAG MILL DESIGN, …

was commissioned in March 2008 with a 32' x 32' EGL, 16.5MW single stage SAG mill, to process 5 million tonnes per annum high grade oxide …

(PDF) OPTIMIZATION OF THE SAG MILL CIRCUIT AT …

circuit. The Kinross Paracatu new grinding circ uit consists of one 11.6 x 6.7m (38' x 22') SAG mill with. installed po wer of 20MW, followed by two 7.3 x 12.2m (24' …

AG/SAG mill acoustic emissions characterisation under ...

This study supports the use of mill acoustic sensing technique to understand different grinding conditions in AG/SAG mills for improved and continuous process monitoring, energy-efficient milling, and enhanced optimisation. Graphical abstract ... In a typical AG/SAG mill operation, the charge, consisting of ore, water, and grinding media ...

SAG mill wear optimization using DEM simulation - Rocky …

Video 1: Mill Showing Surface Wear Modification Case scenario. Consider a large SAG mill with a diameter of 10.97 m, as shown in Figure 1a. The mill has a high-definition line design with alternating lines of high and low …

What's the Difference Between SAG Mill and Ball Mill ...

The biggest characteristic of the sag mill is that the crushing ratio is large. The particle size of the materials to be ground is 300 ~ 400mm, sometimes even larger, and the minimum particle size of the materials to be discharged can reach 0.1 mm. The calculation shows that the crushing ratio can reach 3000 ~ 4000, while the ball mill's ...

[PDF] Evolution of SAG Mill Process Control at the Xstrata ...

Corpus ID: 166222848; Evolution of SAG Mill Process Control at the Xstrata Nickel Raglan Operation @inproceedings{Bartsch2008EvolutionOS, title={Evolution of SAG Mill Process Control at the Xstrata Nickel Raglan Operation}, author={Erika Bartsch and Chief Engineer and G Comeau and Senior Metallurgist and Colin Hardie and Former Chief Metallurgist}, year={2008} }

SAG MILL TESTING - AN OVERVIEW OF THE TEST …

Several grindability tests were developed over the years to design grinding circuits or optimize existing operations. Each test has its own strengths and weaknesses and it is imperative to select the proper test procedure(s) to meet project deliverables and minimize the risk of a project. Pilot plant testing of large bulk samples historically constituted the traditional approach for AG or …

SAG Mill Control: It Shouldn't be that Hard | E & MJ

While many mills today are mounted on load cells, others employ bearing oil pressure as a proxy measurement of mill load. A control strategy recently implemented on a large variable-speed SAG mill at MMG's Century Zinc operation in Australia is …

SAG mill Optimisation and increasing throughput at the …

SAG mill Optimisation and increasing throughput at the Phu Kham Copper-Gold Operation – a success story Video Playlist (53) Keeping up with the ... SAG mill Optimisation and increasing throughput at the Phu Kham Copper-Gold Operation – a success story Watch . ... Process improvement opportunities in comminution circuits Watch .

Gearless mill drives - Grinding | ABB

Gearless mill drive system (GMD) Go gearless to meet your business objetives by exceeding standard availability targets in your grinding operations. ABB's GMD is the most powerful mill drive system in the market to power semiautogenous (SAG), ball and autogenous (AG) mills, This 'workhorse' for grinding operations combines a robust ...

Evolution of SAG Mill Process Control at the Xstrata ...

In addition to the new process equipment, the SAG mill was commissioned with all controls implemented on the new PLC software platform. This removed the control strategy limitations previously described. Additional mill control loops and measurements now included: - Mill feed tonnage (automatic PI control – operator or remote set-point from mill

SAG Mill | Autogenous and Semi-Autogenous Mills | …

Since the early 1980s, we have been designing and manufacturing Semi Autogenous Mill (SAG Mill) and Autogenous Mill (AG Mill) under the Fuller-Traylor brand. Semi-autogenous grinding uses a minimal ball charge in the range of 6-15% while autogenous grinding uses ore only. SAG and AG Mills operate by lifting ore/grinding media and dropping it on ...

AMIT 135: Lesson 6 Grinding Circuit – Mining Mill …

SAG Mill Circuit Example — Gold Processing SAG mill circuit example for gold processing [image: (135-6-3)] AG/SAG Mill. AG/SAG mills are normally used to grind run-off-mine ore or primary crusher product. Wet grinding in an AG/SAG mill is accomplished in a slurry of 50 to 80 percent solids. 2D and 3D simulations of particles in a SAG Mill

Difference Between Sag Mill vs Ball Mill - mech4study

1. SAG mill is the primary tool for grinding. SAG mill is used before the other mills. Ball mill is a secondary, and it is used after the SAG mill. 2. SAG mill breaks the raw material into pieces for the further grinding. Ball mill is used …